The Asian Urbanization Dilemma: What Should a City Prioritize?
Is an Aging Asia a $20 Trillion Risk or Opportunity?
Here’s How Asia’s Cities Can Be Smart and SustainablePresident of Ericsson Malaysia and Sri Lanka
A quick online search of the world’s top 10 most populous cities will reveal that more than half are in Asia. If you were to walk down the busy streets of Jakarta, Tokyo, Manila or Seoul, you might think that everyone has moved to the city—and you wouldn’t be far from the truth.
We are undergoing a major rural-to-urban demographic shift. There are already more people living in cities than in rural areas, and the United Nations estimates that by 2050, almost 70 percent of the world’s population will be city dwellers.
With so many people moving to cities, the way these cities are structured will impact the lives of billions of people. In some respects, this elevates cities above nation states as significant incubators of innovation, enterprise and social progress. At the same time, the required pace of change—especially now where we face global economic, environmental and social uncertainty—creates a raft of challenges to sustainable development.
Connecting the City
It’s crucial that cities adopt smart, sustainable development practices. Harnessing the potential of information and communication technology (ICT) will enable cities to thrive without their development taking a major toll on already-scarce resources. ICT allows people, knowledge and devices to be networked in new ways, and cities that embrace ICT’s potential can create new value, operate efficiently and benefit from significant return on investments. All this adds up to more livable, more attractive and ultimately more competitive cities, as well as the potential for people to pursue a more sustainable urban future.
The significance of cities is well recognized in the UN Sustainable Development Goal 11 about sustainable cities and communities. If we go back to considering the most populous cities in Asia, each city faces many complex problems that require different types of action—but we see that a common enabler across the board is ICT. A paper published in 2015 by the Earth Institute at Columbia University and Ericsson states that ICT can accelerate the achievement of these Sustainable Development Goals. Higher ICT maturity levels for cities are associated with more opportunities to transform lifestyles and economic prospects.
For ASEAN countries, broadband, based on a combination of both fixed and wireless technologies, can help significantly accelerate sustainable growth in cities. Therefore, there should be a national agenda when it comes to broadband and concerted efforts to improve the business case for these investments. By releasing more spectrum with sustainable economics to the key players in the market, governments will be able to better enable broadband investment from private industry. Education in terms of digital literacy and new technologies is also needed. This combination of infrastructure and capability will help create smart cities.
Can Smart Cities also be Sustainable?
So, what of sustainability? ICT projects alone won’t necessarily make cities more sustainable.
Our experience has shown that to successfully transform into a smart, sustainable city, five critical considerations are necessary:
- Defining an agreed-upon vision, strategy and targets
- Creating informed networked governance structures
- Developing organizational capacity
- Engaging with all relevant stakeholders
- Forging and fostering long-term partnerships
Partnership, planning and engagement can make all the difference between a city that owns and controls its transformation and one that is a victim of fragmented, unsustainable change.
Investment in information and communication technology will make cities smarter and more sustainable.
Forming strong partnerships with ICT companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with a global presence and high levels of expertise, particularly in systems integration, can allow cities to accelerate their transformation journey.
Early last year, we announced our partnership with Arup, an independent firm of planners, designers, engineers, consultants and technical specialists working across the built environment to transform a pilot district in Hong Kong into a smart and sustainable neighborhood. The feasibility study focuses on transforming the 488-hectare Kowloon East into an additional Central Business District of Hong Kong, which will further support economic growth and strengthen global competitiveness.
The scope of the study spans a wide range of subjects that include formulating a smart city framework, an implementation strategy and a business model that later can be expanded to cover the rest of Hong Kong. It will also advise on centralized digital infrastructure and cybersecurity to support the Internet of Things (IoT) and big data applications.
While Hong Kong’s ICT maturity more easily enables ICT-based transformations with social, economic and environmental benefits, ICT-based solutions can be created to match cities’ levels of development, as long as the right partnerships are in place.
The use of IoT technology to enhance bike-sharing in China is another example of how technology is transforming cities. Our partnership with China Mobile Shanghai and Mobike, the popular bike-sharing service, gave us the opportunity to trial the latest cellular IoT technologies on a live network. The trial provided a more convenient and enhanced bike-sharing experience to Mobike users using new cellular IoT technologies, allowing users to locate bikes more accurately and extending service to areas that traditional coverage could not reach, such as basement parking spaces. In a country like China, where cities are more densely populated compared to other cities in Asia, the convenience of bike-sharing—powered by mobile and IoT technology—will help not only to decongest roads, but will also help to address challenges from the pollution that heavy road traffic brings.
These are just two examples of how ICT can help transform cities into becoming smarter and more sustainable, but the possibilities are endless with public and private sector collaboration, broadband infrastructure and the right investment in capability.
This article is part of the recently concluded World Economic Forum on ASEAN 2017 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and first appeared on the World Economic Forum Agenda.