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Forty-Five Percent of Africa’s Population Lacks Broadband Access

Visualization of fiber infrastructure in Africa and population density, showing unserved regions. Total population is estimated for each 10,000 km2 hexagon; those with populations below 100,000 are excluded. Source: WorldBank.org, Network Startup Resource Center, TeleGeography and European Commission

 

Despite some progress, “much of Africa is still unconnected, and large populations cannot fully realize the benefits of connectivity,” concludes a World Bank working group on digital development in Africa

The data map it produced shows that “approximately 45% of Africa’s population is further than 10 km (6.2 miles) from fiber network infrastructure,” and “about a third of the population remains out of reach of mobile broadband signal in sub-Saharan Africa.”  

To double connectivity in Africa by 2021 will require an investment of $9 billion, with another $100 billion needed to reach universal broadband access by 2030, the World Bank Group examined in an October report, Connecting Africa Through Broadband.

Working Hours Lost at 10 Times the Rate of the 2008 Crisis During COVID-19

Source: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

The impact of job hours lost during the coronavirus pandemic is already 10 times greater compared to the early months of the 2008 Great Recession. The economy is not expected to bounce back to its pre-pandemic levels until after 2021, according to the OECD.

COVID-19 has seen a steeper rise in unemployment and a broader reach among the population compared to the Great Recession. The Great Recession reached its unemployment peak in January 2010 at 10.6% — a rate that we surpassed in May 2020 at 13.0% (and it’s still rising). Almost every age group has been economically affected by the COVID-19 outbreak, while during the Great Recession, parts of the older generations were relatively more insulated from the economic fallout.

This drastic job loss could further expand the poverty-wealth gap and backtrack both progress toward gender equality and the ability of younger generations to be financially independent, purchase a home or pay off student loans. The effects of unemployment on mental health are substantial as well and will likely continue increasing during this crisis.

Most US Adults Believe Pressure Led to Corporate Statements About Race

Source: Pew Research Center

Note: Across racial, ethnic groups, more see pressure rather than genuine concern as contributing a great deal to companies’ statements about race.

Only 19% of U.S. adults believe corporate statements about race were made from genuine concern, as opposed to societal pressure. Conversely, nearly 70% of respondents to a survey conducted by Pew Research Center perceive pressure as the main contributor to public statements about race or racial equity, with 59% of white respondents, 43% of Asian respondents and 32% of both Black and Hispanic respondents feeling the same way. 

In making these statements, a mirror has been held up to companies’ own internal diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) efforts, as well as their actions of support for marginalized communities local to their area. 

Without their own DEI initiatives, intentional recruitment, diverse leadership, pay equity reviews, or external action to support statements about the imperative of racial justice, for example, these companies may be criticized for empty virtue signaling. The majority of consumers want to know where companies stand on certain issues, but they also need to see how companies exemplify their own purported beliefs.

New Tool by NASA Brings Clarity to the 2020 Wildfire Season

Source: NASA

There has been a surge in wildfire activity this year throughout the southern Amazon states of Pará, Mato Grosso and Amazonas in areas where there was already extensive deforestation. A new tool by NASA tracks the fires and distinguishes between the most damaging types of fires: deforestation and understory fires.

NASA released this satellite-driven, web-based tool on August 19, right before the peak of wildfire season in September and October. The tool accounts for fire location, intensity, duration and spread rate. “By providing more information about fire types and locations in real time, we hope this dashboard will give decision-makers better information needed to manage and respond to fires,” says Douglas Morton of NASA. 

Scientists are monitoring this season closely because of early warning signs, like the growth of fire activity last year, a gradual rise in deforestation and a much drier season. The Amazon has already seen a 17% rise in fires compared to last year — with over 10,000 fires in the first 10 days of August 2020.

More Than 100 Countries Have Issued Nationwide Mask Mandates

Source: Council on Foreign Relations

More than half of the world’s countries are mandating the use of face masks while in public spaces to prevent the spread of coronavirus. The Council on Foreign Relations found that, without a national mask mandate, large percentages of populations neglect wearing a mask. 

The first two countries to issue a nationwide mask mandate were Vietnam and the Czech Republic in mid-March. The Czech Republic has a 1.8% COVID-19 fatality rate and a 74.2% recovery rate, while Vietnam has a 2.8% fatality rate and a 61.5% recovery rate. More than half of the 50 states in the United States have enforced statewide mask mandates — but there is no federal mask mandate. The U.S. is experiencing a lower number of new cases lately but is still leading globally with over five millions cases, followed by Brazil — which also does not have a federal mandate.

A person wearing a face mask is less likely to be infected with the virus, and an infected person wearing a face mask is less likely to transmit the virus. When both parties are wearing masks, the level of transmission risk dramatically decreases. Research shows that wearing a mask — as well as taking other basic protective measures — will result in a significant drop in COVID-19 cases and can reduce the number of deaths. 

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