“AI surveillance technology is spreading at a faster rate to a wider range of countries than experts have commonly understood,” according to a report on the Global Expansion of AI Surveillance by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Chinese companies, in particular, provide a significant share of the surveillance technology used by countries around the world. The countries using surveillance technology equipment that they purchased from China is indicated on the map in red.
“Technology linked to Chinese companies — particularly Huawei, Hikvision, Dahua, and ZTE — supply AI surveillance technology in 63 countries, 36 of which have signed onto China’s Belt and Road Initiative,” the report says. It adds that “Huawei alone is responsible for providing AI surveillance technology to at least 50 countries worldwide. No other company comes close.”