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The Global Cities Most At Risk of a Housing Bubble

Frankfurt, Toronto and Hong Kong are the cities most at risk of a housing bubble, according to new research by Switzerland-based UBS. Its latest Global Real Estate Bubble Index found nine cities around the world that have a high index score. Meanwhile, Madrid, Milan and Warsaw are deemed to be cities with “fairly valued” housing, and Dubai has a negative index score, indicating that its housing is undervalued.

Overall, bubble risk has increased, along with the potential severity of a price correction, as a result of rising house prices across the world. UBS has found that growth in home prices increased 6% from mid-year 2020 to mid-year 2021 — the highest rate of growth since 2014.

To determine a city’s index score, UBS tracks whether a city shows symptoms of previous real estate bubbles, such as a decoupling of prices from local incomes and rents, and imbalances in the real economy, such as excessive lending and construction activity. In Frankfurt, for example, housing prices have increased steadily every year since 2016, in part due to a focus on building luxury housing, but the average price-to-income ratio has doubled in the last decade, leaving housing unaffordable for many. These trends point to a possible correction if the housing bubble were to burst.

What Do Consumers Cut Back On in a Recession?

High inflation in the U.K. has lowered consumer confidence and disposable incomes and raised the specter of a recession, reports Investment Monitor. Britain’s inflation rate hit a 30-year high in March at 7% and is expected to rise to nearly 9% later this year.

A survey by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) revealed that 87% of U.K. adults had seen their cost of living increase in the past month, up from 62% in November. Real incomes have also fallen by almost 2% since last year and are expected to fall another 2.3% this year, according to ONS. As a result, Brits are cutting back on spending, with over half reducing their spending on non-essentials, 45% cutting back on their energy use, and 33% spending less on food and other essential items.

The Bank of England has been under pressure to decrease inflation by raising interest rates without causing a recession.

EV Charging Stations Will Pop Up Across Europe

There could be 5 million electric vehicle (EV) battery charging stations across the EU by 2030 — and double that by 2035, according to a new report from Transport and Environment (T&E). 

As part of the European Green Deal, the EU aims to reduce transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions by 90% by 2050 (compared to 1990 levels), and EVs are a large part of the solution. However, after an audit of charging infrastructure across the EU, the European Commission found that charging stations were placed at irregular intervals across the region. 

The EU’s draft infrastructure bill requires EU states to install charging stations at a rate high enough to keep pace with the rise of EV fleets, easing consumer concerns of being on the road without access to sufficient charging stations.

Fabian Sperka of T&E says: “Public charging is a key concern for drivers, and governments will be required by law to address this by expanding national networks in line with the electric car fleet. European lawmakers don’t need to hold back on setting higher car CO2 targets for fear of a lack of charge points.”

Global Donations to Ukraine Top $1.5 Billion

Institutions and companies around the world have donated over $1.5 billion to Ukrainian charities since the start of the crisis in February, according to the foundation Candid.

Corporate giving programs account for the majority (60%) of the grants and pledges given to Ukraine at over $900 million. Public charities and foundations combined account for 31% of donations raised, with high-net-worth individuals accounting for almost 5% of donations. The top funder so far is Epic Games, which raised $144,000 by donating the money that Fortnite players spent over two weeks. 

Almost a third of the grants went to organizations in Ukraine, with others going to the Red Cross and other international organizations. Of the donations directed toward a certain population, half are for the relief and resettlement of the over 5 million Ukrainian refugees. Over a quarter of those donations are for the care and protection of children. Only women, children, and the elderly are able to flee the conflict, as Ukraine has banned all able-bodied men between 18-60 years old from leaving the country. 

Smart Grid Technology Is Taking Off Globally

Renewable energy sources will account for 95% of the increase in power capacity through 2026. But changing energy supply and consumption patterns are complicating demand planning and investment decisions for the energy sector. This is exacerbated by more frequent climate-influenced operational disruptions and stricter sustainability regulations.

Furthermore, legacy grid infrastructure often struggles to keep pace with industry innovations, underscoring the importance of an accelerated yet considered transition towards a smarter, more resilient grid. Many countries across the world are already starting to transition: Canada is putting about $80 million toward utility modernization work; Sweden, Finland, Spain and Italy have installed smart meters at a rate of 95%; China is working to install 30GW of battery storage capacity over the next three years; and Mexico, Paraguay, El Salvador and Chile are aiming to only sell zero-emissions vehicles by 2040. 

To navigate this transition successfully, stakeholders across the value chain must balance the imperative to modernize with the financial obligation to capitalize on existing infrastructure assets. Expanded risks associated with the transition — new cyber vulnerabilities, data privacy protection obligations, and gaps in workforce talent — must also be mitigated.

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