Global Insurance Pricing Increased in Q4 2020 — But Is Showing Signs of Plateau
Global commercial insurance prices increased 22%, on average, in the fourth quarter of 2020, although there are signs that increases may be plateauing in some regions.
It was the thirteenth consecutive quarter of increases in the Marsh Global Insurance Market Index and the largest increase observed since the index’s inception in 2012 (see Figure 1).
The U.K. and Pacific region led the increases, with average composite insurance pricing up by 44% and 35%, respectively (see Figure 2). Average pricing in the U.S. rose by 17%, down slightly from the 18% year-over-year increase experienced in the third quarter.
Continental Europe (14%), Asia (11%) and Latin America and Caribbean (9%) have had moderate levels of pricing increases for three quarters, which suggests that price hikes are slowing in these regions. Pricing increases also may be starting to plateau for certain insurance products in certain geographies — for example, directors and officers (D&O) and property in the U.S. — due in part to new capacity entering the market.
All three major product lines showed average pricing increases globally, with financial and professional lines up by 47%, property by 20% and casualty by 7%.
Figure 1: Global Insurance Composite Pricing Change
Figure 2: Composite Insurance Pricing Change by Region
US Insurance Pricing Increases 17%
Led by increases in property and financial and professional lines, U.S. insurance pricing in the fourth quarter increased an average of 17%.
Property pricing in the U.S. has now increased for 13 consecutive quarters and was up an average of 18% in the fourth quarter. About 75% of renewing clients experienced an increase, slightly lower than the previous several quarters.
Financial and professional lines in the U.S. increased an average of 28% in the quarter. D&O pricing was up 44%, less than the 51% year-over-year increase seen in the previous quarter. About 95% of clients experienced an increase, and 15% reduced their limits. D&O pricing continued to moderate during the fourth quarter, and this trend is expected to continue through the first half of 2021, barring unforeseen changes in conditions.
Cyber insurance pricing increased 17%, on average; ransomware attacks continued to be a major concern.
Casualty pricing in the U.S. increased an average of 9% in the fourth quarter. Workers’ compensation pricing declined 4%, on average; excluding workers’ compensation, casualty pricing increased 15%, on average.
UK Pricing Increases
Overall, insurance pricing in the fourth quarter of 2020 in the U.K. increased 44%, the highest of any region.
Financial and professional lines increased 90%, largely due to pricing for D&O, where renewals were extremely challenging as insurers cited a deterioration in claims, a COVID-impacted economy, insolvencies, wrongful trading, and a lag on claims post government support.
Cyber pricing increased 25% to 30%, on average.
Property pricing in the U.K. increased 24%, on average. In general, larger clients received higher increases, in the 30% to 35% range, and their renewals featured significant negotiations on terms and conditions.
Casualty pricing in the quarter increased 6%, on average, the sixth consecutive quarter of increase.
Pricing in Asia Increases
Insurance pricing in the fourth quarter of 2020 in Asia increased 11%, year-over-year.
Property insurance pricing rose 16% in the region, on average. In most countries, the domestic marketplace insulated small to medium enterprise clients from the sharpest increases.
Casualty pricing remained generally flat in the quarter.
Financial and professional lines pricing in the region rose 22%, on average, the largest increase observed in several years. A reduction in capacity, particularly from global insurers and driven by poor global underwriting results, contributed to pricing increases. U.S.-listed D&O risks were the most affected, with increases up to 100% amid limited insurer appetite.
Insurance Pricing by Region
Other regional highlights in the fourth quarter included the following:
- Continental Europe experienced a 14% average increase in overall composite insurance pricing. Financial and professional lines pricing increased 22% and property 19%, on average.
- Composite pricing rose 9% in Latin America, the same as in the third quarter and the thirteenth consecutive quarter of increase. Property pricing increased 16% and financial and professional lines 22%, on average.
- Insurance pricing increased 35% in the Pacific region. Property pricing rose 31%, on average. Financial and professional lines rose 51%, on average, with public company D&O rising more than 100% in many cases, with reduced limits common.