Liability Insurance Shoots Up in First Quarter of 2020
Global commercial insurance prices increased 14%, on average, in the first quarter of 2020.
All three major product lines — property, casualty and financial and professional — showed increases in the first quarter (see Figure 1). It was the 10th consecutive quarter of increases in the Marsh Global Insurance Market Index. Although the COVID-19 global pandemic had an insignificant impact on pricing in the first quarter, the reported increase was the largest year-over-year increase in the index since its inception in 2012. We anticipate that COVID-19 will likely have an impact on pricing for the balance of 2020.
The highest average levels of increase in the first quarter were observed in financial and professional liability, which increased by 26%, on average, while property insurance was up 15% globally. Casualty lines increased 5%. All regions have now demonstrated six consecutive quarters of composite pricing increases.
US Insurance Pricing Increases 14%
Led by increases in property and financial and professional lines, U.S. insurance pricing in the first quarter of 2020 increased 14%, year over year.
Property pricing in the U.S. has increased 10 consecutive quarters (following catastrophe losses in 2017) and was up by 21% in the first quarter, the highest level recorded since Marsh’s survey began in 2012. There was little variation in pricing movement in the first quarter between catastrophe and non-CAT risks
Financial and professional liability insurance rates in the U.S. increased an average of 23% in the quarter, driven by directors and officers (D&O) pricing, which increased by an average of 44%. Pricing influences included heightened litigation, with traditional securities lawsuits increasing in frequency and severity.
Cyber insurance pricing increased 6%, the highest average increase since 2016.
Casualty pricing in the U.S. increased by 5% in the first quarter. The excess liability market drove much of the overall casualty pricing movement, with average prices up 11%. Many risks experienced significantly greater increases. Automobile liability increased 10%, with 80% of clients seeing increase. Workers’ compensation pricing declined 1% in the quarter.
UK Pricing Increases
Overall insurance pricing in the first quarter of 2020 in the U.K. increased 21%, the 10th consecutive quarter of pricing increases. Overall pricing was driven by financial and professional liability, which was up by 46%, on average.
D&O pricing showed significant increases, with some large accounts experiencing hikes of 100%. Generally, midsize accounts saw smaller increases, but still had prices up 50% to 70%. Capacity in the D&O market has been shrinking since 2017, contributing to the increases in prices and a general trend toward greater policy restrictions.
Property pricing in the U.K. increased 10% in the quarter. Capacity in the market continued to decline as insurers looked to reduce their exposures on any given risk, as well across portfolios.
Casualty pricing in the quarter was up 5%. For larger organizations, in both employers liability and general liability, insurers began to seek portfolio increases and restrict capacity.
Pricing in Asia Increases
Insurance pricing in the first quarter of 2020 in Asia increased 6% year over year.
Property insurance pricing rose 8% in the region, on average. A lack of insurer competition continued to be an issue for large and complex risks.
Casualty pricing remained flat overall for an eighth consecutive quarter, following several years of moderate decreases. Minor increases in auto/motor liability reported in many Asian countries were offset by slight decreases in general liability.
Financial and professional liability pricing in the region increased by 8%, the largest increase observed in several years and the fourth consecutive quarter of increases. Most large countries had increased pricing in D&O and professional liability. International insurers have reduced capacity, remaining steadfast in seeking pricing increases.
Insurance Pricing by Region
Other regional highlights in the first quarter included the following:
- Continental Europe experienced an 8% average increase in overall composite insurance pricing. Financial and professional pricing increased 12% in the quarter.
- Composite pricing increased 6% in Latin America, the 10th consecutive quarterly increase. Property pricing increased 9%, the third straight quarterly rise after being flat-to-down for the previous six years.
- Insurance pricing increased 23% in the Pacific region, continuing an upward trend that began in 2015. Property increases of 23% were influenced by bushfires, severe hailstorm damage and flooding in December and January.