Global Insurance Pricing Continued Its Increase in Fourth Quarter 2019
Global commercial insurance prices rose by 11% in the fourth quarter of 2019. All three major product lines — property, casualty, and financial and professional — showed increases (see Figure 1). The quarter marked the ninth consecutive quarter of increases in the Marsh Global Insurance Market Index.
The insurance market experienced pricing increases in many geographies and across multiple products. The highest average levels of increase were observed in financial and professional liability, which increased 18%, on average, while property insurance was up 13%. Casualty lines increased 3%, on average. All regions have experienced five consecutive quarters of composite pricing increases.
Figure 1: Global Insurance Composite Pricing Change
Figure 2: Global Insurance Composite Insurance Pricing Change by Coverage Line
US Insurance Pricing Increases More Than 10%
U.S. insurance pricing in the fourth quarter of 2019 increased 10%, year-over-year, led by increases in property and financial and professional lines. The general trend was toward a firming of prices for a majority of coverage lines.
Property pricing in the U.S. has increased in nine consecutive quarters and was up 18% in the fourth quarter, the highest level recorded since Marsh’s survey began in 2012. Catastrophe aggregates in the London and European insurance markets have reduced, limiting available capacity.
Financial and professional liability insurance pricing in the U.S. increased by 15% in the quarter, driven by directors and officers (D&O) pricing, which increased by an average of 20%. Expanding areas of litigation are a main driver of the increases. At the same time, insurers are tightening terms and reducing available capacity.
Cyber insurance pricing increased by more than 3%.
Casualty pricing in the U.S. increased 2% in the fourth quarter, largely due to the excess liability market, where prices increased 10%, on average. Automobile liability also contributed to the increase, with prices up 5%. Workers’ compensation decreased by 4% in the quarter.
UK Pricing Increases
Overall insurance pricing in the fourth quarter of 2019 in the U.K. increased by nearly 14%, the ninth consecutive quarter of pricing increases.
Financial and professional liability pricing was up more than 20%, on average, with considerable variability across products, segments and industries. Commercial D&O and financial institutions with a U.S. or Australian listing saw the largest pricing increases, with some increases being more than 100%. Tier-one banks, insurance companies, pharmaceuticals, mining and life sciences also experienced notable increases.
Property pricing in the U.K. increased by 8% in the quarter. There was slightly more competition for larger property risks as some insurers sought to increase share in this segment of the market.
Casualty pricing in the quarter was up 3%. Motor liability pricing continued to firm, with double-digit increases recorded for many. There were fewer price reductions available compared to 2018, and insurers continued to firm on terms and conditions.
Pricing in Asia Increases
Insurance pricing increased 6% in the fourth quarter of 2019 in Asia, the largest composite increase in the region in five years.
Property insurance pricing rose 7% in the region, on average, with international insurers seeking increases across the region with few exceptions. Catastrophe pricing in several Asian countries — including Singapore, Hong Kong and the Philippines — increased by double digits. Losses from 2018 catastrophes are still impacting pricing.
Casualty pricing remained flat overall, on average, and continued to trend toward stable after several years of moderate decreases. Small increases in auto/motor liability were reported in most Asian countries. At the same time, decreases in general liability were observed across the region, with pricing down as much as 10% in some countries.
Financial and professional liability pricing in the region increased by 5%. There was a reduced appetite from insurers to compete on financial institutions, especially on risks with any claims or notification activity.
Insurance Pricing by Region
Other regional highlights in the fourth quarter include the following:
- Continental Europe experienced a 7% increase in the overall composite insurance pricing, driven primarily by property insurance. Property insurance increases averaged 10%, the fifth consecutive quarterly increase.
- Composite pricing also increased by more than 7% in Latin America. Financial and professional lines rose by an average of 15%, the second consecutive quarter of double-digit increases.
- Insurance pricing increased by 20% in the Pacific region, continuing an upward trend that began in 2015. Financial and professional lines were up an average of more than 25%, and property pricing rose 18%.